Sumatran civilization and culture are of Hindu origin and it is not unlikely that the island was the first of the entire archipelago to accept Indian immigrants who played an important role in the history of the region. Some inscriptions found in the highlands of Western Sumatra confirm the presence in the 7th century of a powerful Hindu Kingdom in Tanah Datar (Tanah Datar is located near Batusangkar), not far from the place that later became the capital of Menanapan. In these inscriptions Sumatra is called “First Java”. Numerous traces of Hindu influence can still be found on the island.
In Sumatra, there are ruins of Hindu temples in Bhutar in Delhi, near Pertibi, on the Panbi River in Jambi, inside the borders of Palembang above Lahat and in many other settlements.
One of the main monuments of the Hindu era is the ruins of the Muara Takus Temple on the Kampar River. The temple buildings (including a 14-meter stupa) date back to the 11th century.
The complex is surrounded by a stone wall 1 m high and a perimeter of 74 m x 74 m and an earthen rampart of 1.5 km x 1.5 km going to the Kampar River. In the northern part of the wall are the gates. The complex has four temples: The Old Temple (Candi Tua), Bungsu Temple (Candi Bungsu), Mahligai Temple (Candi Mahligai), Palangka Temple (Candi Palangka). The complex also has a mound, considered a place for cremation. The architecture and design of the temples clearly indicate that they are of the Buddhist origin of the Mahayana (one of the movements of Buddhism).